This Land Use Plan incorporates a typology or district approach. Districts are defined with a range of anticipated uses that are geographically constrained by the presence of a minimum level of infrastructure and the contextual relationship of the use to other adjacent uses. The result is that each use is not necessarily recommended for every site inside the typology, because each use is limited by having the required infrastructure in place and having to meet contextual requirements. This determination is made through the development review process.
Living Districts, which include a mix of residential types, public facilities, parks and limited, small-scale and low-intensity retail development
Mixed-Use Districts, which contain a substantial mix of retail, residential, public facilities, institutions, parks, and low-intensity industrial uses
Working Districts, which contain a mix of employment-generating uses, public facilities, and parks
Other Land Uses, which are single-use areas that may be found between or within the districts above
Overlay modifiers are thematic or issue-oriented districts that change the recommendations of the underlying base typology. Overlays do not stand on their own, but work in conjunction with the base typology.
Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ES)
The purpose of the Environmentally Sensitive Areas overlay is to protect or conserve special natural characteristics of the land. Five natural qualities are called out in this overlay:
Wellfield Protection (WP)
The purpose of the Wellfield Protection overlay is to protect the water taken from wells used by Marion County public water suppliers from contaminants. The Meridian-Kessler neighborhood has both W1 and W5 wellfields. A W1 wellfield is the area around a public well where a drop of water falling on the surface will travel to the well’s intake point within a year. A W5 wellfield is the area around a public well where a drop of water falling on the surface will travel to the well’s intake point within five years.
Transit-oriented District (TOD)
The purpose of the Transit-oriented District overlay is to maximize the return on Central Indiana’s significant investment in transit. It is important that development and transit are interrelated to the benefit of both.
Residential Corridor Reserve (RR)
The purpose of the Residential Corridor Reserve overlay is to protect residential areas along major streets from the destabilizing effects of commercial encroachment.
Transitional Area (TA)
The purpose of the Transitional Areas overlay is to call attention to areas undergoing mass transition from one development pattern to another. In this overlay new land uses should comply with the anticipated uses and requirements of the land use typology that the area is planned to transition to. New uses should adequately buffer existing remnant land uses to minimize as much as possible any negative externalities.